Important study has been conducted during the past ten years, and there is now overwhelming proof of a connection between Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease. Sleep apnea patients are more likely to have hypertension (high blood pressure), coronary artery disease (also known as atherosclerosis), heart attacks, strokes, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, diabetes, and even death. Checkout Metro Sleep.
This frightening array of negative health consequences emphasises the importance of diagnosing sleep apnea as soon as possible in order to begin recovery. This last sentence is basically the point: sleep apnea is a treatable disorder. You might be shocked to learn that there are a variety of recovery choices. Good care is easily attainable with the right advice from trained professionals.
First and foremost, we must refute all misconceptions that discourage many individuals suffering from sleep apnea from finding medical help. The most popular misunderstanding is that OSA impacts either overweight or obese individuals. That obviously isn’t the case. Many individuals who are deemed to be at their optimum body weight depending on their BMI (Body Mass Index) are actually diagnosed with OSA (Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome) (UARS). UARS is a form of sleep-related breathing condition in which a person wakes up often from sleep due to a collapsed or obstructed respiratory airway. The occurrences are not often as clear as they are in OSA, and a person suffering from UARS can not even snore. People with UARS, on the other hand, can experience restless sleep, repeated nocturnal awakenings, or extreme daytime sleepiness or fatigue. UARS, like OSA, is a medical disorder that can be treated.
So, what triggers sleep apnea? Many individuals with sleep apnea are predisposed to it from a young age. The size and form of a person’s jaw and upper airway decides whether or not they can experience OSA. When the jaw and upper airway (i.e., the oral cavity and throat) are compressed, there is less opportunity for air to pass while breathing. The soft tissues and muscles of the upper airway relax and collapse when a human sleeps, resulting in enhanced airflow resistance and airway obstruction. OSA is caused by an obstacle in the airway.
OSA is a cyclical process in which an individual ceases or nearly stops breathing for intervals of more than 10 seconds on a regular basis. The following is a synopsis of what occurs in each episode. The upper airway and jaw relax whilst sleeping, causing the upper airway to collapse (i.e., the back of the throat). When we sleep, our lower jaw frequently relaxes and slips down a few millimetres. The tongue can even slip down a few millimetres through sleep when the tongue base is connected to the lower jaw. The result of this chain of events is a rather short passageway allowing air to pass across the back of the throat when sleeping. Occasionally, the upper airway collapses to the point that little or no air can get in.
Apneas (complete obstruction with little air movement) and hypopneas (insufficient air movement) are the terms used to describe these episodes (partial obstruction with minimal air movement). When an apnea or hypopnea happens, it persists for at least 10 seconds. The episodes will last up to a minute in certain situations! Since no new air or oxygen is being supplied to the lungs, the blood oxygen saturation continues to decrease at this period. When blood oxygen saturation falls below a certain level, the body goes through a fight-or-flight response, which causes a rise in heart rate and blood pressure.